July 14, 2016
Health Department and Emergency Management Office Warns you to Stay Cool
OSWEGO, N.Y. (July 12,2016) Heat-related deaths and illness are preventable yet annually many people succumb to extreme heat. More people in the United States die each year from extreme heat exposure than from hurricanes, lightening, tornadoes, floods, and earthquakes combined. On average, about 300 people die each year from exposure to heat.
Daytime high temperatures are predicted to be in the 90s over the next several days in Central New York. In addition, we will not see much relief at night with temperatures remaining in the 70s and humidity remaining high, with that, the Oswego County Health Department and Emergency Management Office remind people to be aware of warning signs of heat-related illness and take special care of those at risk.
"The elderly and young children are at a higher risk for heat illness. People suffer heat-related illness when their bodies cannot properly cool themselves. The body normally cools itself by sweating. When humidity levels are high, sweat will not evaporate as quickly, preventing the body from releasing heat quickly," Jiancheng Huang, Public Health Director for Oswego County said. Other conditions related to risk of heat related illness include age, obesity, fever, dehydration, heart disease, mental illness, poor circulation, sunburn, and prescription drug and alcohol use.
Heat-stroke is a serious illness that occurs when the body cannot regulate its temperature. The body's temperature rises rapidly, the sweating mechanism fails, and the body is unable to cool down. Body temperature may rise to 106 degrees Fahrenheit or higher within 10 to 15 minutes. This type of heat-related illness can cause death or permanent disability if emergency treatment is not provided.
Warning signs of heat illness could include:
Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after many days of exposure to high temperatures without proper fluid intake. If left untreated, it can progress to more serious heat stroke.
Warning signs of heat exhaustion could include:
It's important to take precautions during hot weather. Air-conditioning is the number one protective factor against heat-related illness and death. If a home is not air-conditioned, people can reduce their risk for heat-related illness by spending time in public facilities that are air-conditioned. The Oswego County Director of Emergency Management, Dale Currier advises, "If anyone experiences serious signs and symptoms of heat related illness, seek medical care immediately or call 911 to get EMS help."
The Oswego County Health Department and Emergency Management Office recommend the following:
If you must be out in the heat:
To learn more about heat-related illness, call the Oswego County Health Department at 349-3547 or visit the New York State Department of Health web site at www.nyhealth.gov.
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